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Title VII of the civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employment discrimination based on nationality, sexual orientation, sex, race or religion. According to the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, discriminatory acts can include the following:
- Hiring / firing
- Employee classification
- Use of company facilities
- Training opportunities
- Apprenticeship programs
- Retirement benefits
- Salary / pay
- Fringe benefits
- Employment conditions
Although these actions are not innately discriminatory, they are considered discrimination when employers make hiring decisions, etc. based on nationality, religion, gender or sexual orientation. For example, an employer cannot offer employees different salaries or retirement benefits based on their nationality. Additionally, a company cannot fire individuals because of their sexual orientation or religion.
Federal Laws and Employment Discrimination
Employment discrimination is enforceable under Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) laws. These laws are enforced by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Under Title VII and EEO laws, employers cannot base decisions about their employees because of:
- National Origin
National origin discrimination occurs when an employer treats an employee differently because of his/her birthplace, culture, ancestry, or linguistic characteristics. If these characteristics are common to a specific ethnic group, the employer may be charged with employment discrimination. An employer who requires employees to only speak English at work may be guilty of national origin discrimination.
Employers are not allowed to treat employees differently because of their gender. Gender discrimination violations are often related to sexual harassment. For example, employers and co-workers are not allowed to make sexist jokes or treat an employee differently because of his/her sex. Title VII prohibits pregnancy-based discrimination.
- Sexual Preference
Under EEO laws, employers are not allowed to discriminate against their employees based on sexual orientation. Hiring, firing, promotions and retirement plans cannot be based on employee’s sexual orientation. For example, an employer cannot withhold a promotion because he/she is biased against an employee’s sexual preferences.
Stuart Employment Lawyer
At Crary Buchanan, we believe that all employees should be given the same opportunities – regardless of age, sex, ethnicity, nationality or religion. If you are facing a legal battle related to discrimination in the workplace, our Stuart employment lawyers have the skills and resources to stand up for your rights. If you were wrongfully fired because of your nationality or were refused an employment opportunity because of your sexual orientation, Crary Buchanan can help. We are wholeheartedly committed to helping clients by giving them the best legal representation that we can offer.
To see what the firm can do for your discrimination case, call our office and speak to a Stuart employment law attorney today. The sooner we hear from you, the faster we can stand up for your case. Contact us today!